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Effectiveness of a Tailored Anterior Saturation Band in the Improvement of the Image Quality of Pelvic Magnetic Resonance for Assessing Rectal Cancer

Published:January 24, 2017DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clcc.2017.01.010

      Abstract

      Purpose

      We sought to test the effectiveness of the application of a tailored anterior saturation band (ASB) to improve the image quality of pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for assessing rectal cancer.

      Methods

      A total of 165 patients with MRI assessment of rectal cancer between 2013 and 2015 were included. The image quality scores (4-point scale: 1, nondiagnostic through 4, excellent) of MRI without and with tailored ASBs were compared. Sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values, and accuracy of pelvic MRIs with and without a tailored ASB for T-staging in 65 patients with direct surgery and 67 patients with chemoradiotherapy before surgery were evaluated.

      Results

      Two independent raters exhibited moderate-to-excellent interobserver agreements (κ = 0.529-0.879) in the grading of MRI image quality. Overall, the quality scores of sagittal and axial T2-weighted images with tailored ASBs were significantly improved compared with MRIs without ASBs (3.5 ± 0.3 vs. 2.7 ± 0.8 [mean ± SD]; P < .001, and 3.6 ± 0.3 vs. 2.8 ± 0.8; P < .001, respectively). The application of tailored ASBs in MRIs improved the averaged accuracies for staging of ≤ T2, T3, and T4 tumors from 87.7%, 78.5%, and 90.8% to 93.1%, 86.9%, and 97.7%, respectively. In post-chemoradiotherapy MRI follow-ups, the use of tailored ASBs also improved the average accuracies for staging of yT0, yT1-2, yT3, and yT4 tumors from 80.6%, 73.1%, 73.9%, and 91.0%, to 85.8%, 82.9%, 85.1%, and 94.0%, respectively.

      Conclusions

      Application of a tailored ASB in pelvic MRI is effective in substantially reducing motion artifacts, significantly upgrading image quality, and improving accuracies of rectal tumor staging.

      Keywords

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