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Correlative Significance of Tumor Regression Grade and ypT Category in Patients Undergoing Preoperative Chemoradiotherapy for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer

Published:February 10, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clcc.2022.02.001

      Abstract

      Background: In patients with locally advanced rectal cancer, the treatment response to preoperative chemoradiotherapy (PRCRT) varies, and the ypT stage may change as a result of tumor shrinkage. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlative significance and determine the prognostic value of tumor regression grade and ypT category staging systems.
      Materials and Methods: This retrospective observational study was conducted in a tertiary center. A total of 1240 patients with rectal cancer who underwent curative resection after PRCRT between January 2007 and December 2016 were consecutively included.
      Results: A significant association was found between the American Joint Committee on Cancer/College of American Pathology tumor regression grading system and ypT category, indicating a potential correlation between worse tumor regression grade and more advanced T stage (Cramer's V = 0.255, P < .001). The ypT stage and tumor regression grade were independent predictors of each other (P < .001). The good response group (tumor regression grades 0-1) had significantly higher 5-year disease-free survival (85.5% vs. 68.2%, P < .001) and overall survival (92.1% vs. 81.0%, P < .001) rates than the poor response group (tumor regression grades 2-3). However, the ypT and ypN categories were the most important independent prognostic factors for disease-free and overall survival.
      Conclusions: Tumor regression grade and ypT category were significantly correlated. Although tumor regression grade alone is not definitive, it is closely related to the ypT stage and impacts oncologic outcomes. These findings should be taken into consideration when stratifying the prognosis of patients undergoing PRCRT.

      Keywords

      Abbreviations:

      PRCRT (preoperative chemoradiotherapy), TME (total mesorectal excision), TNM (tumor-node-metastasis), AJCC (American Joint Committee on Cancer), CAP (College of American Pathologists), TRG (Tumor Regression Grade), DFS (disease-free survival), OS (overall survival), CRM (circumferential resection margin), LVI (lymphovascular invasion), PNI (perineural invasion)
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